Wednesday, 25 January 2012

Matric learners are not well prepared for tertiary education

In South Africa, 30 % is a pass mark ! To pass your matric, you need to achieve 40 % in 3 subjects (one must be “ home language”) and 30 % in 3 others….

In 2011, half a million of Grade 12 learners wrote their matric and 70 % passed. But only 20 % can study towards a degree; 23 % had enough point to do a national diploma; 19 % can only do a higher certificate (FET college). So 37 % will not have access to tertiary education!

Not enough space at Varsity

In total, 262 350 learners qualify for degree or diploma studies. But the country’s universities can only accommodate 180 000 first years: 80 000 learners will have to find other options: private colleges, FET, SETAs. Last year, 55 200 students enrolled at FET colleges. Sciences's weakness (most teachers are not well trained)
Only 53 % learners passed physical sciences and only 46 % passed Maths. Among those who passed Math, only 18 % of them achieved more than 50 %. If you take the total number of learners who wrote their Matric, only 8 % got more than 50 % in Maths.

So, if a learner is good in Maths/Sciences, it makes a huge difference! He/She has much more chance to get entrance at Varsity. Results in English are also weak

Huge drop out at Varsity

But once at Varsity, 45 % of students drop out without completing their degrees. Despite this huge drop out figure, there are many more black graduates than before (36 970 in 2008, compared to 8 514 in 1991). In comparison, there was 31 500 white graduates in 2008, 6900 Indians and 5200 colored.

The paradox of South Africa

There is an acute shortage of certain skills but 42 % of youth (under 30) is unemployed! There are about 800 000 unfilled positions: managers, law, engineering, finance, accounting, etc.

-86 % of young people do not have tertiary training. If you have only a matric, you have a 40 % chance of getting a job; if you have an honors degree, you have a 78 % chance of getting a job;- To have a diploma/degree is not a job guarantee: there are about 600 000 unemployable graduates sitting at home. Most of them have irrelevant qualifications such as arts, humanities and social sciences.

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