According to the Manpower Group’s 2012 Talent Shortage Survey for South Africa, the following careers have the highest levels of skills shortages:
The shift towards the use of high technology, labour-saving capital equipment in the manufacturing sector is expected to be a major contributor to the high growth in demand for engineers. The biggest demand seems to be for more experienced and skilled engineers at a senior level.
- High Growth (15%-40%) is expected in demand for electrical, electronic engineers. The telecommunications industry is one of the fastest growing areas.
- Chemical engineers : high growth, largely as a result of strong growth and innovation in the chemicals sector.
- Electrical engineers (including electronic engineers) : highest growth -new technology is electronically based.
- Moderately high growth (10%-15%) is forecast in the demand for industrial/production engineers, mechanical and civil engineers and moderate growth is expected for metallurgical and mining engineers.
- Strong growth for mechanical engineers in most manufacturing sectors is increasing due to a buoyant motor-manufacturing sector.
- The stagnant state of the mining industry is
expected to be the major contributor to the slower growth in demand for
mining engineers as well as metallurgical engineers.
2. Drivers3 .Skilled trades
qualified artisans who receive theoretical training at FET colleges and practical on the job training at the employer. The demand for artisans is expected to be high as a result of increasing growth in building industry, motor manufacturing and other areas of manufacturing.
-introduction of labour saving technology : increased use of artisans such as electricians and fitters and turners to maintain the new machinery.
The largest creator of semiskilled and unskilled jobs expected to be the construction sector.Furthermore, the category trades have the highest number of learnerships available compared to any other category of careers.
5. Management / Executive (Management/Corporate)
- Experienced and skilled black managers are hard to find, while stricter labour legislation increased the pressure on organisations to employ more black people in the higher skills categories. The scarcity of these managers put upward pressure on remuneration packages.
Higher growth in maths, science, accounting and
- Low to moderate growth (0%-10%) in demand is forecast for all other education-related occupations such as instructors and lecturers mainly as a result of slow growth in higher educational institutions.
7. Legal staff (lawyers, legal secretaries)
8. Secretaries, PAs, administrative assistants & office support staff
- clerks, secretaries, personal assistants, bookkeepers, accounting clerks and receptionists.
- increasing demand for clerical personnel who are skilled in the use of computer and automated office systems.
- The net number of sales and service jobs is likely to rise9. Technicians
10. Accounting & finance staff
Arts & Entertainment
- Authors and publishers will probably experience growth of between 10% and 15%, due mainly to growth in the printing and publishing sector, where an increased demand for desktop publishing specialists, graphic designers and commercial artists.
- Moderate to medium growth (5%-15%) in demand is forecast for architects and related occupations as well as quantity surveyors. This is due mainly to the increasing growth in the civil engineering and building industries.
- Social Sciences
- Moderate (5%-10%) growth in demand is expected for law professionals such as advocates, attorneys, judges and prosecutors. These professions will probably experience higher growth in government than elsewhere.
- Growth of less than 5% is anticipated for religious and spiritual workers in the formal sectors.
- Overall growth of less that 5% is predicted for social workers, although moderate growth in demand is foreseen in government.
- The demand for human resources professionals such as industrial relations officers, management consultants, training and personnel officers is expected to grow at a moderately high (10%-15%) rate.
- Increasingly sophisticated labour laws necessitate the appointment of HR professionals with knowledge of labour law.